14 May 2014 Last updated at 15:35
Meditation is a practice to calm and quiet the mind. There are many different techniques, although each has the same goal; to attain a state of heightened consciousness and deep peace.
Mindfulness Meditation is one of the best known approaches. It's all about being keenly aware of the sounces and sensations happening around you.
Vipassana Meditation involves mindful concentration on the body or its sensations.
Both Transcendental Meditation and Siddha Meditation involve repetition of a mantra (sacred word or phrase) over and over, as well as a focus on the breath.
In Kundalini Meditation you concentrate on your breath, flowing upward through each of the energy centres of the body.
Guided Visualisation concentrates on an image or imaginary environment.
Zazen is the seated meditation of the Buddhist tradition. It literally means 'just sitting', and the instruction pretty much ends there.
Good to Know
Different people find greater success with different techniques. Try a few different styles until you figure out what works best for you.
Who's it for?
Practices of meditation are found throughout history, and across the globe. Along with yoga, meditation was introduced to the West early in the 20th Century by Swami Vivekananda and popularized by Paramehansa Yogananda. In the 60s there was an explosion of interest in meditation
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